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Animals Through Time    Mystery 4

Mystery 4 image

In this Mystery, students learn how people create new breeds of animals by mating (selecting) individuals with desirable traits.

What kinds of animals might there be in the future?

Beginning Exploration (1 of 8)
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Beginning Exploration (2 of 8)

Discuss: Suppose you want to get bluer iguanas. Which iguana should you pick to have babies with your iguana? Iguana

Reveal answer

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Beginning Exploration (3 of 8)
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Beginning Exploration (4 of 8)

Discuss: Now that you know how the first small dog breed was created, how do you think we created big dogs, like the Great Dane? GreatDane

Reveal answer

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Beginning Exploration (5 of 8)
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Beginning Exploration (6 of 8)

Discuss: How do you think life was different for people before they discovered selection and created all these different breeds of animals (dairy cows, muscular cows, chickens that lay big eggs)?

Reveal answer

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Beginning Exploration (7 of 8)
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Beginning Exploration (8 of 8)

Discuss: What’s an animal or trait you might like to see in the future? If you want to know what we'd like to see, click "Reveal Answer" below.

Reveal answer

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Beginning Activity Prep
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Designer Dogs

In this visual activity, students are shown pairs of adult dogs and three potential puppies. They study the physical traits of the dogs and look for the puppy that shares these traits.

Number of students:
Designer Dogs (2 pages) printout 1 per student

Prep instructions

We suggest that students work in pairs for this activity. Homeschool students can work alone.

Beginning Activity Prep

Designer Dogs Question #1 of 4:

cockerspaniel-poodlequestion

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Beginning Activity Prep

Designer Dogs Question #2 of 4:

pug-beaglequestion

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Designer Dogs Question #3 of 4:

germanshepherd-lab-question

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Beginning Activity Prep

Designer Dogs Question #4 of 4:

schnauzer-Pom-question

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Beginning Activity Prep

Designer Dogs Answer #1 of 4:

cockerspaniel-poodleanswer

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Beginning Activity Prep

Designer Dogs Answer #2 of 4:

pug-beagleanswer

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Beginning Activity Prep

Designer Dogs Answer #3 of 4:

germanshepherd-lab-answer

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Beginning Activity Prep

Designer Dogs Answer #4 of 4:
schnauzer-Pom-answer

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Beginning Complete!

You've completed the Exploration & Activity!

If you have more time, view the assessment, reading and extension activity in the optional extras.

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Optional Extras

Below are ideas for extending this topic beyond the activity & Exploration which you just completed.
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Image & Video Credits

Mystery Science respects the intellectual property rights of the owners of visual assets. We make every effort to use images and videos under appropriate licenses from the owner or by reaching out to the owner to get explicit permission. If you are the owner of a visual and believe we are using it without permission, please contact us—we will reply promptly and make things right.

Exploration
cat by Joseph Morris , used under CC BY-ND
dog by Katherine , used under CC BY
goat by ceridwen , used under CC BY-SA
sheep by Donald Macleod
T-Rex in museum by Jeff Kubina , used under CC BY-SA
wild cat by Chris Fourie
domestic fox by Raffaele Esposito
holding fox by Jorbasa Fotografie , used under CC BY-ND
mammoth by WolfmanSF , used under CC BY-SA
yawning fox by Peter Trimming , used under CC BY
hippo-fish by Takeshi Kitano's
long haired cat by Tambako The Jaguar , used under CC BY-ND
rooster by David Goehring , used under CC BY
dogs of the world by Poster Revolution
Black Lab by Jared and Corin , used under CC BY-SA
Blood Hound by Sally Wehner , used under CC BY
Bull Dog by sabianmaggy , used under CC BY
Chihuahua by Kevin , used under CC BY
Pitbull by Hugo A. Quintero G. , used under CC BY
small white dog by tiarescott , used under CC BY
rooster skeleton by Chickenosaurus 12
bird-like skeleton by Ted & Tira
cows by barn by William Garrett , used under CC BY
chickenosaurous by guest_5655
cow close up by Positive
bears by Tambako The Jaguar , used under CC BY-ND
black bull by Jaap Rouwenhorst , used under CC BY-SA
giraffe up close by Tambako The Jaguar , used under CC BY-ND
teddy bear by thepeachpeddler , used under CC BY-SA
bright green lizard by Chad Sparkes , used under CC BY
udders by stux
dairy cow by Keith Weller/USDA
oxen pulling cart by John P. Mosesso
iguana by Pete Markham , used under CC BY-SA
ox up close by TrollGod14337
iguana up close by Cyborg , used under CC BY
wild boar by Pete Shacky
cat by Magnus Bråth , used under CC BY
chicken and eggs by Dew Tyme Family Farm
horse by Paul VanDerWerf , used under CC BY
pig by Brent Moore , used under CC BY
Basset Hound by patchattack , used under CC BY-SA
Bichon Frise by Jeffrey Beall , used under CC BY-SA
Chow Chow by Prayitno , used under CC BY
German Sheperd by Marilyn Peddle , used under CC BY
Greyhound by Marianne Perdomo , used under CC BY-SA
Siberian Husky by S.McWilliam
Cocker Spaniel by Norman Mackenzie
Dachshund by Hugo Daniel
Labrador by Kevin Rodriguez Ortiz , used under CC BY
Rottweiler by El Coleccionista de Instantes , used under CC BY-SA
horses running by hlseffigy , used under CC BY-ND
poodle by chuck_heston , used under CC BY-SA
Chinese Emperor by Royal Academy of Arts
Pekingese by CH PalaceGarden Malachy
small dog by Helmuts R , used under CC BY-SA
Great Dane by Jon Hurd